EPSTEIN, ARYEH LEIB BEN MORDECAI

EPSTEIN, ARYEH LEIB BEN MORDECAI (1705–1775), rabbi and kabbalist. Epstein was born in Grodno and was a pupil of Isaac of Grodno, Poland, and Aryeh Leib b. Nathan of Slutsk. After a brief period as a merchant he took up the position of preacher in Grodno and in 1741 became rabbi in Berestovitsa and Golynka. In 1745 he went to Koenigsberg, where he developed an extensive educational system. He sided with jonathan eybeschuetz in the latter's dispute with jacob emden , sharply criticizing the bickering in rabbinical circles. Two inquiries which he sent to Eybeschuetz in 1758 are extant, the one dealing with a halakhic matter, the other with the liturgy. Epstein was responsible for the introduction of a number of important takkanot in the Koenigsberg community and also for the establishment of the Great Synagogue there. His works include Or ha-Shanim, on the 613 commandments (Frankfurt on the Oder, 1754); Sefer ha-Pardes, consisting of novellae to tractate Shabbat; sermons; funeral orations; a treatise on positive and negative commandments called Yalkut Sakhar va-Onesh, with an appendix entitled Kunteresha-Re'ayot on Shulḥan Arukḥ, Oraḥ Ḥayyim (Koenigsberg, 1764); and Mishnat Gur-Aryeh, a commentary on isaac luria 's prayer book (published in part only, Koenigsberg, 1765). He also published his responsa under the title Teshuvot Maharal (Morenu ha-Rav R. Aryeh Leib; ibid., 1769); wrote glosses to the Talmud (together with his son Abraham Meir); glosses and novellae to Shulḥan Arukh, Yoreh De'ah, to which his son also contributed (Vilna, 1883); and several other works. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: J. Emden, Mitpaḥat Sefarim (Lemberg, 1870), 119; D. Kahana, Toledot ha-Shabbeta'im ve-ha-Ḥasidim, 2 (1914), 57; S.A. Friedenstein, Ir Gibborim (1880), 41, 44ff., 47–50; E.M. Epstein, Gevurot ha-Ari (18882); H.N. Maggid (Steinschneider), Ir Vilna (1900), 44; Sefer Yahadut Lita, 3 (1967), 30. (Samuel Abba Horodezky)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Aryeh Leib Epstein — Aryeh Löb ben Mordecai Ha Levi Epstein (Ba al ha Pardes) (1708 – June 26, 1775) was a Polish rabbi born in Grodno. At first he refused to become a rabbi, preferring to devote himself entirely to study, but in 1739 he was forced by poverty to… …   Wikipedia

  • EPSTEIN, ABRAHAM MEIR BEN ARYEH LEIB — EPSTEIN, ABRAHAM MEIR BEN ARYEH LEIB, also called Meir Harif ( sharpwitted ; 1726–1772), talmudist. Epstein was born in Grodno. He studied under his father, the kabbalist aryeh leib epstein , with whom he later also pursued halakhic studies. The… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Yehoshua Heschel Levine — (1812 1883) est un grand rabbin français originaire de Lithuanie, faisant partie des Rabbins orthodoxes non consistoriaux. Sommaire 1 Biographie 2 Israël de Salant 3 Grand Rabbin à Paris …   Wikipédia en Français

  • KABBALAH — This entry is arranged according to the following outline: introduction general notes terms used for kabbalah the historical development of the kabbalah the early beginnings of mysticism and esotericism apocalyptic esotericism and merkabah… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ḤASIDISM — ḤASIDISM, a popular religious movement giving rise to a pattern of communal life and leadership as well as a particular social outlook which emerged in Judaism and Jewry in the second half of the 18th century. Ecstasy, mass enthusiasm, close knit …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • HEBREW LITERATURE, MODERN — definition and scope beginnings periodization …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • AḤARONIM — (Heb. אַחֲרוֹנִים; lit. the later (authorities), a term used to designate the later rabbinic authorities, in contrast to the rishonim , the earlier authorities. Although scholars differ as to the exact chronological dividing line between the two …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • RESPONSA — (Heb. שְׁאֵלוֹת וּתְשׁוּבוֹת; lit. queries and replies ), a rabbinic term denoting an exchange of letters in which one party consults another on a halakhic matter. Such responsa   are already mentioned in the Talmud, which tells of an inquiry… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • List of rabbis — This is a list of prominent rabbis. Rabbis are Judaism s spiritual and religious leaders. See also : List of Jews.Rabbis: Pre Mishnaic ( Tannaim ): See Mishnah, Tannaim .* Shimon Hatzadik * Antigonus of SokhoRabbis: Pre Mishnaic ( Tannaim ) (… …   Wikipedia

  • CHILDREN'S LITERATURE — This entry is arranged according to the following outline: introduction CHILDREN S LITERATURE IN HEBREW early period …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.